Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Tobacco Use Essay Research Paper Comparative forms free essay sample

Tobacco Use Essay, Research Paper Similar signifiers of baccy utilization In 1492 local Indians were smoking moved up baccy foliages. In the sixteenth century baccy smoking spread to Europe. By the late 1800 baccy tolled in paper called final resting place nails were a significant industry with one million millions being sold every twelvemonth. Today there are numerous stocks that contain baccy. Cigarettes and snuff are the most well known available. Cigarettes comprise of baccy overflowed with archives that are enhanced, and some with channels. Snuff that comprises of meagerly slashed regular baccy air pressed in compartments to chew. Numerous pioneers of the baccy business still can't seem to region that baccy is an irresistible medication. However, in the public arena today it is extremely helpful to purchase baccy. With final resting place nail s an individual can whiff and breathe in their lungs with smoke, and snuff an individual must place in their oral cavities between your underside lip and gum. We will compose a custom exposition test on Tobacco Use Essay Research Paper Comparative structures or then again any comparable point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Both are ingested into your circulatory system and can affect your natural structure in various manners. The two uses of baccy make unwritten captured improvement to the clients. Such unwritten captured advancements are so ordering they can harm your natural structure. With casket nails it influences your lungs and pharynx. With snuff it influences your oral pit, gums and pharynx. Both can do awful bre ath. Both can recolor your fingers and teeth the shading yellow. Both can do early maturing. Tobacco smoke can take to dangerous neoplastic sickness in numerous pieces of the natural structure, however non shockingly the vast majority of the mischief it does to the lungs. Biting baccy can take to dangerous neoplastic ailment of the lips and oral hole. Most final resting place nail exhaust would wish to accept they could shield themselves from threatening neoplastic illness simply by using a holder or by trading to channel tipped cigarrettes, stogie or a funnel. Sadly they cant. Biting baccy is far more terrible. The clients of this accept only in light of the fact that they are non breathing in it that they are sheltered as acceptable. They are non. Two picks of baccy utilization you breathe in smoke or chew baccy the impacts are as yet horrible. Both can do disfiguration to the face, pharynx, and lungs. With final resting place nail smoking your pharynx can be gravely harmed with the inside dividers of your pharynx being deprived of its covering. Your lungs start to be loaded up with baccy pitch that will smother your outside breath and can do horrendous hacking. Snuff your oral hole and lower jaw can become dim and will hold to be expelled. Regardless of whether you smoke or bite tobacco both are well long haul unwellness s that lead to reliance. Albeit one can take to expire quicker, the two of them each piece harm your wellbeing and natural structure.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

A Comparison of Thinking in A Modest Proposal, Tar Essay Example For Students

A Comparison of Thinking in A Modest Proposal, Tar Essay tuffe, and Candide correlation look at differentiate essaysNew Thinking in A Modest Proposal, Tartuffe, and Candide Three Works Cited Writers use character characteristics and occasions to change the traditional beliefs. Larger part of the essayists center is to change people groups mentalities. Jonathan Swift, Jean-Baptiste Poquelin Moliere, Francois-Marie Arquet de Voltaire use portrayal and plot to challenge the topics of the Neo-Classical time frame. In A Modest Proposal, Jonathan Swift difficulties the Neo-old style period by making a feeling of unsteadiness from their perspective. He assaults the general public via recklessly underwriting human flesh consumption in plans to help Ireland through their monetary emergency. He shows this by unassumingly proposing and guaranteeing that a youthful solid kid, all around breast fed, is, at a year old, a generally delightful, supporting, and healthy food. (Quick, 485) Implying that society ought to eat youngsters shows that the individual (the kid) is viewed as an immaterial individual to society; thusly, isn't esteemed while thinking about a powerful goals to their circumstance. This gives analysis to the Neo-Classical convictions that society is a higher priority than the person. The Neo-Classics rationale and thinking angle is assaulted by Swifts influence that eating a kid is a substantial reaction to help fix their abuse. His presentation plainly expresses that his motivation is for Preventing the Children of destitute People in Ireland, from being a Burden to their Parents or Country, and for making them advantageous to the Publick. (Quick 483) His thinking for the proposition is at last fulfilled through his sound reasoning that obviously has nothing to do with his emotions about the issue. The storyteller than continues to give the crowd defense of his announcement, and in this way endeavoring to challenge the Neo-Classics actuality that rationale and thinking is a higher priority than a people feelings. Confidence in the Neo-Classical time frame is censured through the projectors tone in the proposition. Quick requests the crowd to perceive the storytellers reason having no other thought process than the open great of my nation, by propelling our exchange, accommodating babies, soothing poor people, and giving some delight to the rich. (Quick 489) The speaker hopefully accepts that his thought is generally advantageous. In the event that Swift didn't accept that his thought would not have a positive result he would not have recommended. Notwithstanding Swifts unfeeling proposal, which is negative, he just attempts to uncover the positive of the circumstance. This sentiment of frailty is his method of belittling the Irish and English government. In Tartuffe, Molieres utilizes plot to safeguard and restrict characters that represent and criticize ongoing practices that was forced during the neo-old style timeframe. His work, known as a satire of habits, comprises of level characters, with few and comparative characteristics, and that consistently reestablish a harmony at long last. He down plays society all in all by making a microseism, where everybody in the family must be devoted, deferential, and aware of the leader of the home, which is played by the dad Orgon. Mariane gives her compliance when she answers To satisfy you, sir, is the thing that delights me best. (Moliere 324,11) Shortly a while later, Orgon orders Mariane to accept Tartuffe as her significant other despite the fact that she isn't keen on him by any stretch of the imagination. Orgons order shows how men are overwhelm and have authority over social request. Marianes solid compliance to her dad (Orgon) underpins the Neo-Classical component that the individual isn't as significant as society. Moliere talks about rationale and thinking by blindfolding Orgon to the truth of Tartuffes goals that makes him settle on stupid choices. All the while, Orgon dismisses his family when recounted Tartuffes expectations. After Tartuffe cons Orgon into accepting that Damiss allegation is bogus Orgon answers, I know your thought processes, I now you wish him sick:/Yes, every one of you spouse, youngsters, workers, all/Conspire against him and want his fall. (Moliere 341-342,46-48) Orgon then bans his own child, showing that his thinking is conceded because of his obliviousness. This at the appropriate time difficulties the Neo-Classical conviction that rationale and thinking is a higher priority than feeling on the grounds that Orgon demonstrations exclusively on his feelings. .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced , .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced .postImageUrl , .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced .focused content region { min-tallness: 80px; position: relative; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced , .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced:hover , .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced:visited , .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced:active { border:0!important; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced { show: square; progress: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-change: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; murkiness: 1; change: haziness 250ms; webkit-progress: mistiness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced:active , .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced:hover { obscurity: 1; change: darkness 250ms; webkit-progress: murkiness 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced .focused content zone { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced .ctaText { outskirt base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: striking; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; content design: underline; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; fringe: none; outskirt sweep: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; text style weight: intense; line-stature: 26px; moz-fringe range: 3px; content adjust: focus; content enhancement: none; content shadow: none; width: 80px; min-stature: 80px; foundation: url( arrow.png)no-rehash; position: total; right: 0; top: 0; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .u559ae1723ff 60fe0ad8f14e41917fced .focused content { show: table; stature: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .u559ae1723ff60fe0ad8f14e41917fced:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: A Raisin In The Sun Essay Racism He feels as though his family has betrayed his companion so he works upon his sentiments. When Damis gets back and Tartuffe (rather than Orgon) gets bolted up, request is reestablished. Toward the end, the family recognizes the official for catching the genuine criminal by saying, Heaven be lauded! /Were sheltered. /I cannot accept the threats past. (Moliere 361, 84-87) This is when Moliere exhibited the regular saying that what occurs in obscurity will in the end go to the light, hence permitting disarray to restore its request. Moliere built up a progression of level characters, which parodied the Neo-Classic conviction framework. In Candide, Voltaires approach is called dark parody. Many destroying factors play into the characters experience that makes the peruser be interested in a negative manner so as to watch their inward sentiments. He challenges society in general by the manner in which he actualizes genuine events into his composition and makes them wake up. This becomes obvious when Dr. Pangloss disclosed to Candide what happened to Cunegonde at the château of Westphalia after he left. Pangloss depicted her as being gutted by the Bulgar fighters, in the wake of having been assaulted to the supreme furthest reaches of human continuance. (Voltaire 524) This makes the creative mind show a distinctive image of the seriousness of the circumstance. Besides he challenges request by showing the human condition. Candides turmoil makes him ask, have they generally been liars, double crossers, thankless rapscallions, hoodlums, weaklings, sneaks, quitters, backbiters, indulgent people, boozers, recluses, climbers, executioners, calumniators, sensualists, aficionados, frauds, and simpletons? (Voltaire 557) There is a progressing war among individuals, and at the same time Candide and the others are endeavoring to keep up. Dr. Pangloss speaks to the idealism that Voltaire challenges. Pangloss show this by saying, it was love; love, the comfort of humankind, the additive of the universe, the spirit of every single delicate being, love, delicate love. (Voltaire 525) He challenges, positive thinking by his portrayal of Dr. Pangloss. Dr. Panglosss dazzle idealistic methodology permits him to disregard the battling that is happening among individuals and he just observes love. Mocking ways to deal with composing were utilized to change the enamored perspective during the late seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years. The Neo-Classic timeframe contributed in the extension of people groups perspective on life. Works Cited Swift, Jonathan. The Norton Anthology of World Literature. A Modest Proposal. W. W; Norton ; Company: New York and London, 2002. 483-489. Moliere, Jean-Baptiste Poquelin. The Norton Anthology of World Literature. Fraud. W.W; Norton ; Company: New York and London, 2002. 313-361. Voltaire, Francois-Marie Arquet de Voltaire. The Norton Anthology of World Literature. Candide. W. W; Norton ; Company: New York and London, 2002. 520-580.

Friday, August 14, 2020

Two Traveling Angels

Two Traveling Angels Two traveling angels stopped to spend the night in the home of a wealthy family.The family was rude and refused to let the angels stay in the mansions guest room. Instead the angels were given a small space in the cold basement.As they made their bed on the hard floor, the older angel saw a hole in the wall and repaired it. When the younger angel asked why, the older angel replied, Things arent always what they seem. The next night the pair came to rest at the house of a very poor, but very hospitable farmer and his wife.After sharing what little food they had the couple let the angels sleep in their bed where they could have a good nights rest. When the sun came up the next morning the angels found the farmer and his wife in tears. Their only cow, whose milk had been their sole income, lay dead in the field.The younger angel was infuriated and asked the older angel, How could you have let this happen? The first man had everything, yet you helped him. she accused. The second family had little but was willing to share everything, and you let the cow die.Things arent always what they seem. the older angel replied.When we stayed in the basement of the mansion, I noticed there was gold stored in that hole in the wall. Since the owner was so obsessed with greed and unwilling to share his good fortune, I sealed the wall so he wouldnt find it. Then last night as we slept in the farmers bed, the angel of death came for his wife. I gave him the cow instead. Things arent always what they seem.Sometimes that is exactly what happens when things dont turn out the way they should. If you have faith, you just need to trust that every outcome is always to your advantage. You might not know it until some time laterShould you find it hard to get to sleep tonight, remember the homeless family who has no bed to lie in.Should you find yourself stuck in traffic, dont despair, there are people in this world for whom driving is an unheard-of privilege.Should you have a bad day at w ork, think of the man who has been out of work for many months struggling to feed his family.Should you notice a new gray hair in the mirror, think of the cancer patient in chemo who wishes she had hair to examine.Should you find yourself at a loss and pondering what is life all about, asking, What is my purpose?, be thankful, there are those who didnt live long enough to get the opportunity.Author Unknown Submitted by A.Bhatia

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Changing Roles of the Reader and Writer in the...

The Changing Roles of the Reader and Writer in the Literature The continuing emergence of innovative writing technologies allows people to express themselves and communicate in countless different ways from years past. With these new technologies comes a change in many of our learning and social traditions. The most important change is the metamorphosis taking place in the online literary world. The line between author and reader has become blurred as more and more technology-driven literature, like hypertext fiction, has become interactive. The whole idea of authorship has changed, which in turn affects the role of the reader. In Writing Space, Jay Bolter further explores the changing roles of the†¦show more content†¦With the new reader/writer roles also comes a change in the idea of what literature actually represents. Bolters states that literature is traditionally viewed as merely a reflection of the author’s world. The new participatory role of the reader therefore changes what the reading represents because the written work becomes its own independent world, constantly moving and changing depending on what path the reader wants to take (Bolter 169). The new technological advancements in literature and writing outlets open limitless possibilities for authors to explore the multi-linear story. However, even though the reader role has become more participatory, some say their role still has limits. Bolter believes that the reader is free to move in the writing space as far as the author lets them (Bolter 68). Author Janet Murray agrees. She views authorship as procedural. This means the author creates the narrative possibilities for the reader to choose from (Murray 152). The reader is limited in that he or she can only â€Å"read† as far as the author decides to write. Even though there may be countless hyperlinks within the hypertexts, all of the words were written by the author. 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Wednesday, May 13, 2020

India Cements Ltd - An internal environment analysis - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1946 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Marketing Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? INDIA CEMENTS LIMITED- AN INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ANALYSIS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report analyses how successfully India Cements has been able to leverage its internal environment in order to maintain its No. 1 position in South India. India Cements enjoys a good fraction of the market share of the Indian cement industry. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "India Cements Ltd An internal environment analysis" essay for you Create order The report begins with a brief introduction of the company and its product offerings. It then briefly describes various forces in the internal environment such as Vision and Mission, Value System, Management Structure and Nature, Human Resource, Brand Equity and finally the Performance of the Enterprise. Using financial ratios, the performance of the enterprise has been analysed in the backdrop of the cement industry. The company has been able to perform well despite being in the news lately for the wrong reasons. Although it suffered some shocks which reflected in its stock prices, the company has still been able to perform decently. The vision and mission and the value system of the company are well in sync with each other thus complementing all the activities the company takes up be it the various CSR projects or ownership of the IPL franchisee Chennai Super Kings. The Shareholding pattern of the company shows a strong holding by foreign investors which indicates that there is good confidence in the market for the company. Its HR practices ensure all employees work towards achieving a common goal of creating sustainable value for the company which is in concurrence with the vision of the company. TABLE OF CONTENTS Serial No. Heading Page No. 1 Introduction 4 About India Cements 4 Product Offerings 4 2 Internal Environment 5 Vision and Mission 5 Value System and CSR 5 3 Management Structure and Nature 6 Board of Directors Composition 6 Shareholding Pattern 7 4 Human Resources 7 Recruitment 8 Performance management 8 5 Brand Equity and Image 8 6 Performance of the Enterprise 9 Liquidity Ratios 9 Turnover Ratios 9 7 References 10 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Serial No. Illustration Page No. 1 Board of Directors, Composition 6 2 Shareholding Pattern 7 3 India Cements, Key Financial Ratios 9 4 Indian Cement Industry Aggregate Financial Ratios 10 INTRODUCTION About India Cements India Cements Limited, founded by S. N. N. Sankaralinga Iyer in 1946, is the 3rd largest cement manufacturing company in India. It is currently headed by N. Srinivasan, Vice chairman and managing director. Mahendra Singh Dhoni, the ODI Captain of the Indian Cricket team was appointed as the Vice President of India Cements in 2013. ICL has close to 7 cement manufacturing plants in Southern India catering to South Indian and Maharashtrian markets. The capacity of these plants is around 9 million tons per annum. ICL markets its products under the brands Sankar Cement, Coramandel CementandRaasi Gold. Product Offerings The 53 grade cements offered by the company find application in RCC works; concrete roads; runways; multi storied buildings and bridges. The company also offers blended cements for marine structure and plastering finishing works. It also offers sulphate resisting port land cement under the Sankar SRC for underground structures and basements, foundations and piles; sewage and water treatment plants; fertilizers, chemicals and sugar factories; petrochemical projects and food processing industries and coastal area construction works. Its offerings also include ready mix concrete for large, medium and small construction projects, such as dams, bridges, dams and industrial structures. India Cements Ltd. also ownsIndian Premier LeaguesChennaifranchise,Chennai Super Kings. The idea behind owning an IPL team was promoting their brand, and to providing the company with a corporate image of its own. Currently, its market capitalisation stands at Rs.3,432 crore. It has also reported a standalone sales of Rs. 1,131 crore. Net Profit for the quarter ended Sep 2014 were Rs 7.5 crore. INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT VISION AND MISSION Vision à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“To create value on a sustained basis for all stakeholders of India Cements through lofty standards of transparency, accountability and responsibility, innova tion and leadership in cement manufacture.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  The Vision of India Cements Ltd. shows that the company seeks to create value sustainably for its stakeholders and also be accountable and transparent in their conduct. Mission à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“India Cements will strive to remain a leader in the manufacture of cement and establish itself as a preferred supplier of products and services to its clients and enhance the brand value for all stakeholders. As the organisation grows, as a responsible corporate citizen, India Cements shall be sensitive to the welfare and development needs of the society around it.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  The Mission of the company is in line with its vision of creating value for all stakeholders but it also lays emphasis on being responsive to the needs of the society. This can been seen as one of the highly practised value in the company which has given rise to a lot of CSR projects. VALUE SYSTEM AND CSRs The underlying value that has been a part of India Cements since its inception is that of giving back to the society. It is involved in various community developing initiatives such as ENLIVE under which various skill training programmes are organised for youth and women of target villages and VANI-Value Addition and Necessary Improvement in schools under which various educational institutes are run by the company in collaboration with the government. Apart from these, initiatives like using alternative fuels and reduction of power consumption to protect the environment from damage are also a part of India Cementsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ value system. Thus the company believes in going beyond cement manufacturing and orienting its activities in a sustainable and environment community friendly way. MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE AND NATURE Board of Directors Composition The Vice Chairman M.D. Mr. N Srinivasan is the former President of BCCI and the newly elected ICC Chairman. He is also the owner of the IPL fran chisee Chennai Super Kings. He is being investigated in various scams, one of them being betting on IPL cricket matches, where his son-in-law Gurunath Meiyappan has been accused for passing inside information to bookies and has been jailed. Mr. Srinivasan was ordered to resign from the BCCI by the Supreme Court of India due to his ongoing investigations in the betting scam. Immediately after this hearing, the share price of India Cements dropped by 9%. Although financially CSK does not contribute more than 4% to India Cementsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ revenue, termination of CSK will definitely impact the company negatively. Chitra Srinivasan and Rupa Gurunath, the Directors of India Cements are N Srinivasanà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s wife and daughter respectively. Mr. Srinivasan is also an accused in the Jagan Mohan Reddy scam. It was alleged that India Cements invested Rs.140 crore into Jagan Reddyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s businesses in return for the benefits it received from Y.S. Rajasekhara Redd yà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s government who is the father of Jagan Mohan Reddy. Shareholding Pattern As can be seen from the above table, about one-third of the total shares of the company are owned by foreign institutions. This portrays a very positive picture of the company as it shows FII confidence in the company is high. The Directors hold only about 5,500 shares out of the total shares of the company which is a very small number. The Promoters stake is around 28% which can be taken as a positive indicator for the company. It shows that the promoters believe in the company. Holding by mutual funds normally indicates how favoured a stock is. In the case of India Cements Ltd, about 5% of stocks are held by mutual funds and NBFCs. HUMAN RESOURCE India Cementsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ Human Resource philosophy revolves around the concept of making a good organization through good people. Known for its solid focus management, leadership qualities enhancement, team building and enco uragement of workforce to grow along with the organization, it has built a reputed code of conduct with special focus on ethics and corporate governance. It also focusses on training and development in order to ensure its workforce is well-equipped to face any kind of challenges in a competitive environment. It also believes in continuous up gradation of its employeesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ skills and knowledge. The team of 3200 employees includes engineers, chartered accountants, cost accountants, MBAs, CSs, IT specialists and HR professionals. Recruitment Recruitment in India Cements is a fair and transparent process which involves adequate opportunities to seek good candidates from outside as well as internally. Tests of competence are incorporated at every step to make the recruitment process an objective one. A committee of recruitment handles this entire process of recruitment from applications screening to shortlisting to interviews to final selection. Performance m anagement The companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s performance management system or PMS provides great opportunities and incentives to employees to ensure retention of good talent in the company and to also ensure they are rightfully rewarded. These include incentives linked to performance, awards for good work, letter of appreciation, promotions, nomination to training programmes both within India and abroad, public appreciation and felicitation. BRAND EQUITY AND IMAGE Owing to various scams in which the MD of India Cements has been involved, the brand image of India Cements has suffered in the recent years. It is the largest cement manufacturing company in South India. The IPL franchisee owned by India Cements, Chennai Super Kings won two IPLs back to back adding to the brand image of the company. However conviction of Gurunath Meiyappan, the son-in law of N Srinivasan in the IPL betting scam of 2013 has brought India Cements into negative light. India Cements had announced in Sept ember 2014, a demerger of CSK into a wholly-owned subsidiary. Mr. Srinivasan wishes to nurture Chennai Super Kings into a billion dollar entity. However Chennai Super Kings might be terminated according to IPL rules. All these factors have affected the image of the company which had appointed MS Dhoni as the Vice President of the company to increase its brand equity. PERFORMANCE OF THE ENTERPRISE The Indian cement industry has an oligopolistic structure. ACC is the market leader and the 5 major players of the industry namely ACC, Grasim, Ultratech, Gujarat Ambuja India Cements together enjoy 65% market share. An analysis of the financial performance of the company can be done using financial ratios for the company and comparing them with industryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s financial ratios. As can be seen from the tables below, the debt to equity ratio for the financial year 2013-14 for India Cements was 0.87 as compared to the industry aggregate of 1.02 which indicates India Ceme nts finances its operations lesser by debt than industry. Thus, it has lesser burden of interest payment compared to the trend in the industry. Liquidity Ratios: The current ratio for India Cements has been close to 0.5 since the last three years as against the industryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s 1.75. This is because India Cements finances its activities through its assets which reduces interest payment burden. Turnover Ratios: Inventory turnover ratio for India Cements has been pretty high since the last seven years. This shows the company manages its resources well and has had good sales. In contrast, the industry inventory turnover has been lower than Indian Cements. Debtor turnover ratio indicates India Cements has a faster collection period than the industry which indicates a strong liquidity position. Interest Coverage Ratio of India Cements suggests India Cements has been able to meet its interest obligations quite well. Industry trend suggests Interest coverage ratio has been above 2 and the enterprise has been able to maintain its interest payment in line with the industry. Profit before interest and taxes margin (PBIT) has been lower for the enterprise as compared to the industry in 2013-14. This is because of the negative publicity the company received in the IPL betting scam wherein the Chairman Mr. N Srinivasanà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s son-in-law Gurunath Meiyappan was convicted. Despite various negative publicity that the company has received, it has been able to perform quite well in comparison to the industry. India Cements commands a good market share in the industry and is the largest cement manufacturer in South India. Table 1: India Cements-Financial Ratios Table 2: Indian Cement Industry- Financial Ratios 1 | Page

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A World Lit Only by Fire the Medieval Mind and the Renaissance Free Essays

In the first section of William Manchester’s A World Lit Only By Fire, we are taken into a world that is vastly different from our own, and we see a kind of attitude which is rarely seen today. Manchester stresses the fact that the peasants in the Dark Ages had no knowledge of what was happening in the rest of the world. In our age of twenty-four-hour news networks and instantaneous access to information from across the globe through the internet, it is hard to fathom that if we were still living in the Dark Ages most of us would be completely oblivious to the activities of the rest of the world outside of our small village. We will write a custom essay sample on A World Lit Only by Fire: the Medieval Mind and the Renaissance or any similar topic only for you Order Now Manchester also points out that the common people in the Dark Ages had no conception of time. Most would not have known what century it was, let alone the specific date. For most peasants, time passed in a cycle of seasons, and they only needed to know the days of the week in order to know when it was the Sabbath. This is in stark contrast to the life of a modern man. We can know time down to the second. And we need to know time with greater precision. While the peasants of the Dark Ages needed only to recognize the passing of the seasons and when the Sabbath was, modern man often needs to know the time of day precisely. We are constantly on a schedule. School and work starts at a certain time, and we must be there on time. Another fascinating difference which Manchester points out is the fact that most of the peasants did not have surnames and were either referred to by their first name alone, or by a nickname. I found this very strange. Manchester does a good job of showing the differences between the modern mind and the medieval mind. Being aware of these differences allows the reader to appreciate the huge impact that the Renaissance had on Europe. Now in the next section of A World Lit Only by Fire, entitled â€Å"The Shattering,† Manchester shows us several events that â€Å"shattered† beliefs during the Renaissance. Most of these had something to do with the Church at the time because religion was one of the most important parts of Medieval and Renaissance life. The first event that shattered beliefs and changed life did not immediately cause a revolution but had a long-lasting impact on the future of Christianity. That event was the dissemination of the works of Erasmus. With his constant criticism of the Church and his calls for papal reform, he proved that one could criticize the church without being a radical revolutionary, for Erasmus was a devout Catholic. Before Erasmus, few had dared to criticize the Roman Church and those who did were not taken seriously. However, with his satires, Erasmus appealed to all classes of people and gave the people the encouragement to call for reform and criticize the Church. This may have influenced Martin Luther, even though he disliked Erasmus’ work, to nail his 95 Theses to the Castle Church door at Wittenberg. The fact that Erasmus was widely popular also contributed to the change in the thinking that anyone who criticized the church would be damned to hell. Even though Erasmus didn’t do anything as revolutionary as Martin Luther, his brilliant satires were able to change the mindset of Europeans and may have enabled, against his own wishes, the Protestant Reformation. The next event discussed by Manchester is the Reformation itself. Sparked by Martin Luther’s outrage at the sale of indulgences, this is the event that split Christianity in half. Those loyal to the existing Christian Church headed by the Pope became known as Roman Catholics, and those who were not loyal to that Church formed different Protestant Churches. Before the Reformation there was one authoritative representative of the word of God; i. e. , the Pope. Most Christian literature was in Latin, but since Latin was essentially a dead language, most people could not read or understand it, and this helped the Church maintain control of Christians of the age. Within this system, freedom of religious thought was extremely limited. Saying anything that contradicted the pope could get you labeled as a heretic and sentenced to jail, or even death. After the Reformation, several different Churches formed and as they formed, they warred with each other. The pope was no longer the supreme head of Christianity as he had been before the Reformation. Bibles where published in living languages. All kinds of opinions were published in pamphlets. One undesirable consequence of the Reformation was the different sects fighting with each other. Each different sect believed it represented the one true religion. Fighting between sects became common. Fighting between Catholics and Protestants was rife. Protestants burned Roman Catholic churches, smashing mosaics and statues, and even killing innocent women and clergy. The Roman Church started its notorious Inquisition, which was especially violent in Spain. Before the Reformation there was only one Christian Church so religious violence in Europe was rare, but after the Reformation religious violence and persecution became commonplace. The Reformation was a major turning point in the history of Christianity. Without it, America today would be a different country, since many settlers in early America came to escape religious persecution. Manchester’s section on the Reformation is therefore perhaps the most important section in the book. In the last section of A World Lit Only by Fire, entitled â€Å"One Man Alone,† Manchester writes about Ferdinand Magellan and his circumnavigation of the globe. In this section, Manchester takes time to go into extremely fine detail about Magellan’s voyage in order to explain what type of man Magellan was, and, more importantly, to show how big the odds were against his actually finishing his voyage. Manchester seems to idolize Magellan, in part because Magellan wasn’t seeking fame or wealth, but instead simply had a dream and was determined to make it a reality, something that I think most people can respect. How to cite A World Lit Only by Fire: the Medieval Mind and the Renaissance, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Governmental Structures Essay Example For Students

Governmental Structures Essay As I began to create my ideal world, I realized thatwhat I wanted was a mix of three differentgovernments/cultures. I wanted (and still do) agovernment truly of and for the people. I also wanteda government that was minimalist, one that made surethere was some kind of order and peace, but one thatwas well, personal, while not interfering too muchwith the rights of its citizens. Additionally, Iwanted a government that would allow private industry,small businesses, and limited corporations. Thisgovernment would regulate the economy by being incharge of major industries and the minimum wage. Thisgovernment would even the playing field for everyonewho wanted to play on it. Education would beexcellent, but driven by the wants of the individual. Basically, I wanted a government that did not fit wellinto any of Stewarts categories. Please forgive meif this essay sounds vague at times, because withoutbeing able to mimic typical governments, my nation isdifficult to describe in the way Stewar t describeswhat has been before. My nation is neither DemocraticSocialist, nor Radical Liberal, nor Anarchist (thoughI would have loved to created an Anarchist culture, Iwas afraid to, after all, I am a child of the Reganyears) I suppose youll just have to read along anddiscern what type of government this is by how Idescribe it. In my previous My Way essay, I described a world inwhich a person was taken care of by the government andthemselves throughout their lives. Because ofeffective birth control methods implemented in theyear 2000, the population of the United Statesdecreased slowly, allowing for more change to takeplace because there were basically fewer people to complicate the change in governmentalstructure. From birth until death, a citizen was covered by the national health caresystem. This national system included all hospitalsand doctors under in 2050, a medical umbrella forthe entire nation. As life continued for a citizen of America in 2050,he or she would enter into their local school system,based upon Montessori-style education. Within 12-14years, they would graduate with the experience of asemester abroad and an Associates degree. The schoolsystem isnt based so much upon technological advancesas it is by fundamental changes in the way the schoolsystem teaches children. A graduate, if they ch ooseto, can go on to college, with financial support fromthe government. This financial support is based uponneed and merit. Once citizen graduates, they may go into the publicor private center for a career. The private center ismuch like it is today, in a Radical Liberal nationlike our own. Outside of small business andcorporations, major industry is controlled by thenation. When a citizen passes the age of 60, they receivedSocial Security, but in 2050, Social Security isactually enough to live on. Under Social Securitybenefits include senior centers, nursing homes, aswell as several other programs that helped make goldenyears enjoyable, if not bearable. To create the type of world Id like to live in,everyone would have to accept the following culturaltruths:1. Its not getting there that matters, its beingthere. People in 2050 are more likely to improvetheir situation for themselves and others, regardlessof what they have to go through to achieve what isbest for them. This is different from the dont rock the boat mentality of 1998,where it is better to go though no pain now, and morepain latter. 2. We are the government; we are them, we arethey. With this paradigm in place, citizens feelthat they are an active voice in their government,unlike 1998, where many people feel like they have novoice in government. .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 , .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 .postImageUrl , .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 , .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3:hover , .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3:visited , .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3:active { border:0!important; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3:active , .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3 .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u941d829f89b76c922266e5310d1203a3:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Photograph Analysis Essay Example Andy Warhol3. If it wont be good for our grandchildrensfuture, it is not good for us. In this paradigm,citizens would not do anything that would not benefitfuture generations. This would create great amountsof forethought and planning the nation, resulting in abetter future and present situation. In todayssociety, people are more likely to do what isconvenient than what is smartest in the long run. 4. Education and experience is the key to selfactualization. Through this paradigm, and theeducation system that has been implemented in 2050creates citizens who have actualized their potentialand are living fulfilling lives. 5. Everyone is equal. We are brothers and sisters(in Christ). Whether this is taken religiously ornot is not as important, what is important is thateveryone treats each other as equals. This means thatthey arent jealous or competing with one another. People will simply strive to achieve their best. 6. Children are the greatest gifts andresponsibilities to our nation. With the birthcontrol programs that were implemented, children havebecome more than an obligation to the nation. Thischanges the way in which the nation deals withchildrens issues; from just covering the basics ofeducation, health care, and social services, thenation strives to help each generation of childrenachieve the most that they can. 7. the nation strives to help each generation ofchildren achieve the most that they can. The governmental system of my world of 2050 is similarto that of America, 1998, but with a few changes. Thebasic system is Radical Liberal but it lacks a partysystem. American government of 2050 still has checksand balances, as well as univeral suffrage. Though thestructure of the three branches remains basically thesame, the single member districts changed slightly,because of the lack of a party system. The singlemember districts cover larger areas to reduce theamount of candidates in primaries. To qualify as acandidate, a citizen must petition the public, andreceive at least 5,000 signatures. America of 2050 has a mixed economy, part capitalist,part socialist. There is free enterprise within asomewhat managed economy. I liked Bellamys idea of anation who supplies what its people need, so Idecided to create a system in which businesses can becreated by citizens, but one in which the governmentis in control of the major industries. Theseindustries are that of energy, trasportationalservices, water, telephone access, and farming.Eachof these departments would be set up to provide themost efficient, cost-effective, widespread service andquality goods. All of these industries would fallunder the national umbrella, as shown in BellamysLooking Backward. My year 2050 is very similar to that of today, butwith fewer people, and less waste created by thenationalization of the above industries, and differentparadigms, my year 2050 creates a more pleasant nationto live in. With a national health care system inwhich every cost is covered by the nation, eachcitizen lives a healthy life, one in which they arephysically able to achieve his or her goals.As acitizen in 2050, a person has the right to anexcellent education, made possible for everyonebecause of the smaller amounts of students in schools. The paradigms of 2050 create a community in whichpeople see each other as equals and this creates moreharmonious interaction between individuals.Thestructure of nationalized industries produces productsthat are inexpensive and efficient. The new structureof government allows regular people to communicatewith and effect government without selling out to apolitical party. Perhaps my system isnt perfect, but it is the bestpossible idea I can conceive of right now. I justwanted to create a system that would in turn, create acommunity of individuals who really cared about eachother. In each of the systems I looked at, I foundgood and bad points, so I took as many of the goodpoints from all of them to create the best system Icould. So, this is my system; one in which healthy,educated people live together in a community,supported by a system of checks and balances, whichkeep a just and stable governmentWords/ Pages : 1,294 / 24